AP Political Science Chapters 10-12 - Subjecto.com (2023)

members of Congress

receive generous franking privileges, allowing them to send letters to their constituents free of charge.

casework is

constituent service.

After being reported by a committee but before being sent to the House, bills are submitted to the ____, which sets the terms under which the bills are to be examined by the House.

Rules schuss

All of the following apply to bicameralism except

it presented various ways of amending the constitution.

All of the following apply to reconciliation, except

Reconciliation is sometimes used when the majority party in the US Senate does not have sixty votes in favor of an action.

As one of the most powerful agencies in Washington, the ____ assists in preparing the federal budget and oversees federal agencies throughout the year.

Senate Budget Committee

The necessary and correct clause

has expanded the role of national government vis-à-vis states.

Congress parties are formed around them

all of this is true

The "speech or debate" clause in Article 1, Section 6 of the Constitution means that a member of Congress

is generally immune to charges of defamation or slander if the speech is related to official duties.

All of the following apply to the Senate except

The Senate cannot pass budget legislation without first allowing a filibuster.

The main function of Congress is


The House Majority Leader is

elected by the caucus of the majority party.


all of this is true.

After a bill has been introduced and referred to a committee,

The committee may hold hearings and discussions to consider the merits of the bill.

A procedure by which a bill in the House of Representatives can be forced out of committee to vote is called a

dismissal request.

redistribution is

the allocation of seats in the House of Representatives to each state after each census.

The Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Majority Leader of the Senate

Influence the duties of the committees and set laws for debate.

The federal budget deficit

declined after President George W. Bush reduced taxes on capital gains, inheritance and earned income.

All of the following apply to the people who work for Congress, except

they are outnumbered for members of the House of Representatives than for senators.

A Florida lawmaker who voted against his better judgment to support subsidies for orange farmers would act

as an appointed delegate.

The President of the Senate is

the Vice President of the USA

That is the job of a conference committee

Voting on versions of a bill by the House of Representatives and Senate.

The senior system takes care of that

The committee chairman is usually the committee member of the majority party with the longest uninterrupted tenure

Mentioned is the formal statement by the Congressional Appropriations Committee that a certain amount of funds may be made available to an agency


Oversight is the process by Congress

follows laws it has passed.

All of the following apply to the Congress except

it enjoys a high reputation among the public.

A key difference between the House of Representatives and the Senate is the total number of members. As a result,

a greater number of formal rules are required to regulate activity in the home.

The committee in the House of Representatives that proposes deadlines for debating bills is called The

Rules schuss.

An interim bill passed by Congress if no budget bill is passed by the beginning of the fiscal year is a (n)

ongoing dissolution.

The Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 required

the President to spend the funds approved by Congress.

An agent exercising the authority of a trustee

Vote on behalf of his or her home voters.

The most powerful person in the House of Representatives is the

speaker of the house.

The process of compromise by offering to trade support for a legislature's bill if they support yours is called


A big problem with the implementation of the role of commissioned delegate is that

Voters may not have well-formed views on many issues.

The use of franking privilege has

declined in recent years due to the growth of websites, email, blogs and social media.

All of the following statements about the Speaker of the US House of Representatives are true except

The Speaker is elected every two years by a vote in the US House of Representatives.

Actual leadership in the Senate resides in the House of

Majority Leader in the Senate.

redistribution is

redrawing of district boundaries within each state to ensure equal district populations.

The concept of Cloture refers to

a process attempting to limit debate on a bill in the Senate.

When a congressional district is challenged based on evidence that the lines are being drawn as racist gerrymander,

The US Supreme Court will decide whether there is sufficient evidence to order the redrawing of the district's borders.

In the midterm elections to Congress

Voter turnout drops sharply.

If the race for congressional seats were more competitive

extreme partisanship would be reduced because winning candidates would have to find broader appeal to voters outside their party

The federal government works with a fiscal year that runs from

October to September.

The members of Congress are

not representative of the voting population in terms of gender.

A filibuster is

an attempt to prevent passage of a bill through unlimited debate.

The Whips support the party leaders in this

Passing information to and from members of Congress in accordance with the wishes of the party leadership.

Which of the following is not a function of Congress?

Implementation and enforcement of the enacted laws.

A temporary Legislative Committee established for a limited period and for a specific purpose is a

Selection Committee.

The most important committees in Congress are ____ committees, standing bodies that have expertise because of their responsibility for specific policy areas.


All of the following are enumerated or expressed except

the power to set up a national bank.

The people whom a legislator represents and to whom he devotes much time and effort are called


A representative acting in the role of commissioned delegate is

primarily represents the wishes of its voters.

All of the following statements about gerrymandering are true except

The problem of gerrymandering has been solved.

In most states, the lines of Congress are drawn

a small group of party leaders in the Landtag.

The founders of the American Republic believed that most of the power that would be exercised by a national government should be in the hands of

The legislator.

If no presidential candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes, the

The election will be decided in the House of Representatives.

Regarding the Presidential Pardon, all of the following statements are true except

Presidents can grant a pardon only if the person being pardoned has been convicted of a crime.

When the President receives a bill,

he/she cannot do anything and in ten days the bill will become law without his/her signature.

Which of the following statements is true?

A person born on US soil or born to American parents can become President.

Which of the following statements best describes the people who were elected President?

White male Protestants.

What action(s) is (are) part of the President's role as Commander-in-Chief?

President Bush orders the invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan.

Which of the following statements about the President's fundraising is correct?

President Obama has had spectacular success in raising funds.

Which of the following statements is true?

In a parliamentary system, the executive and the majority.

Which of the following statements about the “IPO” is not correct?

It's usually a sign that a president's popularity has dropped.

Which of the following statements about the presidential veto is the most accurate?

Threat of veto gives President significant leverage over Congress and…

Which of the following statements does not apply to executive orders

represent the powers of the president's party leader

Which of the following statements about presidential elections is incorrect?

The Fifteenth Amendment requires that the President and Vice President be elected separately.

Which of the following statements about the state of the union message is NOT TRUE,

is not required by the Constitution, and each President can choose whether or not to report to Congress.

Which of the following statements is an example of the president acting as head of state?

Hosts the Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland for a special dinner.

A veto is

A clear indication of the President's dissatisfaction with the legislation.

A constitutional amendment to clarify Electoral College voting was necessary because

There was no way to tell which votes were for President and which were for Vice President

A pocket veto

can only be used if Congress is adjourned for session within ten days of billing

The President is the supreme commander

The ultimate decision maker in military affairs.

All of the following apply to the President's Cabinet except

it is detailed in the Constitution

As chief executive, the president is constitutionally bound

Enforce laws, contracts and court orders

as chief diplomat the President

negotiates treaties, recognizes foreign governments, and makes executive agreements

All of the following apply to emergency powers except

the supreme court upheld the trumans' seizure of the steel mills during the korean war

All of the following apply to the President as Chief Executive except

The President may remove members of the Congressional Committee who oppose it

an executive order

must be published in the Federal Register

impeachment according to the constitution

Impeachments are chosen by the House of Representatives and

Under the Twenty-fifth Amendment, when a President's ability to perform his normal duties is called into question and he is unable to communicate,

A majority of the Cabinet, including the Vice President, can declare the President incompetent

the number of political appointments available to the President

is restricted by the civil service system

The National Security Council is a link between them

key foreign and military advisers and the President

the President as head of state is responsible for this

engage in activities that are largely symbolic or ceremonial in nature

The office that includes most of the President's key personal and political advisers is that

Office in the White House

The White House Office, the National Security Council, and the Office of Administration and Budget are all part of it

the Executive Office of the President.

the Office of Administration and Budget

assists the President in preparing the annual budget

The Twenty-Fifth Amendment

was used by President Nixon

The members of the cabinet

are all department secretaries

the granting of parole for a crime is referred to as a(n).

an apology

The requirement that the President report to Congress within 48 hours of sending troops into hostilities and then seek Congressional approval within sixty days is established by

Die War Powers Resolution.

The following two presidents are the only ones in American history who have actually been impeached

Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton

inherent powers of the President

depend on what is said in the constitution

Informal advisers to the President are called

kitchen cupboard

if the office of Vice President becomes vacant,

the President appoints a replacement, which must be approved by both Houses of Congress

if the president vetoes, he or she

must return the bill to Congress with a veto message

No president in the history of the United States has ever done that

been charged and convicted

In most democratic governments, the head of state is

someone other than the manager

That's what the Supreme Court ruled in United States v Nixon

Richard Nixon could not use executive privileges to hold back old Oval Office tapes

Executive agreements are

Agreements between the President and a foreign head of government that do not require Senate approval

Executive Privilege

includes the presidential ability

Presidential candidates have asked individuals to join the ticket as vice presidential candidates for all of the following reasons

to serve as co-president

Popularity of the President

Is an important resource for Presidents to persuade Congress to pass legislation

Before a contract can become legally binding, it has to be

approved by a two-thirds majority in the Senate

It calls for rewarding loyal party workers with government jobs


The cabinet departments are in terms of organization

Responsible for overseeing the President

The percentage of the total US workforce employed by local, state and federal governments is

16 percent

Examples include the Federal Trade Commission, the Federal Communications Commission, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Independent Regulators

Examples include the Social Security Administration, Small Business Administration and the Smithsonian Institution

Independent executive agencies

To this end, the Hatch Act was created, which was passed by Congress in 1919

Ban federal employees

The number of civil servants has

Remained relatively stable in recent decades

The federal government

Cannot release personal medical record information

The loot system is sometimes called


The Freedom of Information Act

Requests federal agencies to disclose information about an individual

The FDIC can take over a private bank

Purchase of bank preferred stock to keep the bank afloat while a new owner is found

The term privatization refers to

The replacement of government services with services from private companies

The merit system refers to

Select, retain and promote government officials based on exams.

The Whistleblower Protection Act

Prohibits retaliation against whistleblowers by their superiors

The government required this in the Sunshine Act

All federal agencies run by committees regularly conduct their business in open session.

The two jobs that employ by far the most federal civilian employees are

US Postal Service and Department of Defense

The investigative power of Congress is often

Delegated to the Government Accountability Office

The federal bureaucracy

Consists of approximately 2.9 million employees

Der Pendleton-Act

Determination of the employment principle based on open competitions

The monopolistic model of bureaucracy says so

Bureaucracies have no competition and are therefore inefficient

The only cabinet department not headed by a secretary is


Through negotiated rulemaking, federal agencies have begun to encourage businesses and public stakeholders to participate directly

Elaboration of the regulations that affect them

The profit-making model of bureaucracy says so

Bureaucracy leaders strive for expanded budgets and larger staffs

All of the following statements apply to cabinet departments except

New cabinet departments are created by the President

All of the following apply to national ID cards, except

The American public has never accepted the concept of a national identity card

All of the following statements about political appointments are true except

The most important source of authority is the ease with which they can fire officials

All of the following apply to the Freedom of Information Act with the exception of

Since the terrorist attacks of September 11

All of the following statements apply to the Sunset Legislation except

All federal laws must include 10-year expiration provisions

Are all of the following statements about public service true?

Positions in the public service are filled in a network-oriented and political manner

According to Max Weber, a bureaucracy should be exempt from all of this

Consists of non-specialized staff to avoid delays

Amtrak, the U.S. Postal Service and the FDIC are examples of this

State Enterprises

Proponents of privatizing government services believe so

Some state agencies should be sold to investors

Which of the following statements is true about politicians?

Their powers are often exaggerated

Which of the following statements does not apply to Weber's model of bureaucracy?

Shows that power flows from the bottom up

Which of the following is not one of the four main types of structure within the executive branch?

Privatized bureaucracies

Which of the following statements about federal spending is correct?

The Social Security Administration administers social security and health insurance benefits

Which of the following statements about terrorism is correct?

Federal agencies are best placed to detect and respond to terrorist activity

Which of the following statements is true?

From the perspective of the acquisition model, bureaucrats are motivated by the trappings of power and want to expand their budgets and staffing levels

When the industry to be regulated gains control of the agency that is supposed to regulate it, the process is invoked


Which of the following was the first cabinet department created?

The first cabinet department to be created was State and lastly Homeland Security

Which of the following statements is true about state-owned companies?

Government employees usually have no shareholders

Which part of the federal government employs the most government employees?


Which of the following statements about the concept of bureaucracy is not true?

Applies to the US military

Which of the following statements is not true regarding Cabinet departments and the President?

Congress can appoint or fire all top officials

Independent executive agencies are

Federal agencies that do not belong to cabinet departments but report directly to them

Iron triangles are made of

Interest groups, legislators and members of the bureaucracy work to advance and protect their common interests

Independent Regulators

All the above points are true

In 2008, the Trouble Asset Relief Program (TARP)

Providing a bailout for banks, auto companies and insurance company AIG

Education, trade and energy are examples

cabinet departments

enable legislation

Provides approval for new federal agencies

Controversies that have led some to wonder whether army rules contributed to military deaths include


Traditional attempts to measure the size of bureaucracy

Skip the 1.4 million members of the armed forces

One of the important differences between public bureaucracies and private corporations is that government bureaucracies

are not organized for profit

_______________ were established because Congress felt that it was unable to deal with the complexities and formalities required to carry out certain laws in the public interest;
These bodies were given executive, legislative, and judicial functions by Congress

Independent Regulators

During the Great Recession

Government spending accounted for about 25 percent of economic activity

Bureaucracy is the name for it

A large, hierarchically structured organization that performs specific functions


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